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Tularemia: an experience of 13 cases including a rare myocarditis in a referral center in Eastern Switzerland (Central Europe) and a review of the literature

Manuel Frischknecht, Angelina Meier, Bernhard Mani, Lucas Joerg, Olaf Chan-Hi Kim, Katia Boggian & Carol Strahm

Kurzfassung

BACKGROUND
Tularemia, a zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis, can cause a broad spectrum of disease in humans including six major clinical presentations: the ulceroglandular, glandular, oculoglandular, oropharyngeal, typhoidal and pneumonic form. The epidemiology and ecology and thus transmission of tularemia are complex, depending on conditions unique to specific locations.

CASE SERIES AND METHODS
Thirteen cases with different forms of the disease and one very rare case of a myocarditis are reported, discussed, and reviewed within the scope of current literature.

CONCLUSION
Tularemia is a rare, but emerging disease in Central Europe with glandular and ulceroglandular disease as its predominant forms. Transmission is mainly caused by contact with lagomorphs, rodents and tick bites. However, domestic cats may play an important role in transmission too. Myocarditis is probably a worldwide, but very rare manifestation of tularemia.
   
Zitation Frischknecht M, Meier A, Mani B, Joerg L, Kim O C H, Boggian K, Strahm C. Tularemia: an experience of 13 cases including a rare myocarditis in a referral center in Eastern Switzerland (Central Europe) and a review of the literature. Infection 2019;.
   
Typ Wissenschaftlicher Artikel/Review (Englisch)
Veröffentlichungsdatum 17-01-2019
Titel der Zeitschrift Infection
ISSN electronic 1439-0973
PubMed 30656604
DOI 10.1007/s15010-019-01269-7