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Cyclooxygenase (COX) Inhibition by Acetyl Salicylic Acid (ASA) Enhances Antitumor Effects of Nitric Oxide in Glioblastoma In Vitro

Jessica Guenzle, Nicklas W C Garrelfs, Jonathan M Goeldner & Astrid Weyerbrock

abstract Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive brain tumor with a high recurrence rate and a median survival of about 16 months even with multimodal therapy. Novel experimental strategies against malignant gliomas include cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition and nitric oxide (NO)-based therapies. Therapeutic doses of NO can be delivered to tumor cells by NO donors such as JS-K (O2-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)1-[(4-ethoxycarbonyl)piperazin-1-yl]diazen-1- ium-1,2-diolate) which releases NO upon enzymatic activation by glutathione S-transferase. COX-2 is frequently overexpressed in tumors and increases tumor invasiveness and angiogenesis. In this study, we show that pretreatment with acetyl salicylic acid (ASA) enhanced the cytotoxic antitumor effect of NO in vitro. Combination of low doses of JS-K and ASA revealed a dose-dependent synergistic increase of necrotic cell death under circumvention of classical apoptosis and alteration of the metabolic calcium level. These findings provide an opportunity to improve currently used therapeutic strategies in the treatment of gliomas with a well-established remedy.
   
citation Guenzle J, Garrelfs N W C, Goeldner J M, Weyerbrock A. Cyclooxygenase (COX) Inhibition by Acetyl Salicylic Acid (ASA) Enhances Antitumor Effects of Nitric Oxide in Glioblastoma In Vitro. Mol Neurobiol 2019;.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 04-02-2019
journal title Mol Neurobiol
ISSN electronic 1559-1182
PubMed 30715649
DOI 10.1007/s12035-019-1513-6