Kantonsspital St.Gallen
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Assessing a ctDNA and PET-oriented therapy in patients with DLBCL multicenter, open-label, phase II trial

abstract

Despite advances in the clinical care of patients with DLBCL and in understanding the biology of this disease, cure rates have remained the same since the introduction of rituximab to CHOP chemotherapy, and RCHOP chemoimmunotherapy remains the standard of care. Over the last years many phase III trials investigating new agents added to R-CHOP have been performed but they have all invariably failed to improve treatment outcomes. Importantly, three of the most recently completed phase III trials that were developed based on the cell of origin dis-tinction of DLBCL and aimed to improve treatment out-come in the ABC (or non- Germinal center B-Cell (GCB)) subtype by adding a targeted agent to R-CHOP have also failed. This provides clinical evidence that cell of origin may not be an accurate biomarker for treatment deci-sions. The R – CHOP + investigational drug approach has thus failed either when broadly applied to unselected DLBCL patients or when applied to DLBCL patients se-lected according to inaccurate biomarkers such as COO.
Within this exploratory multicohort phase II trial, we aim to evaluate a PET_CT and ctDNA oriented therapy in DLBCL in order to test the following working hypothesis.

• acalabrutinib-R-CHOP may improve the progres-sion free survival in genetically defined DLBCL harboring the MYD88 L265P and/or CD79A/B mu-tations;

• treatment escalation to acalabrutinib-R-CHOP in DLBCL patients who have positive PET/CT (with residual disease scored as Deauville score 4) and no molecular response (2log10 reduction of ctDNA) after two R-CHOP, could improve the anti-tumour activity of R-CHOP;

• treatment de-escalation to 4 total R-CHOP courses plus 2 rituximab single agent infusions does not compromise the outcome in patients lacking both MYD88 L265P and CD79A/B mutations and quick-ly obtaining both negative PET/CT (Deauville score 1-3) and molecular response (>2log10 reduction of ctDNA) after two R-CHOP, and further improve to Deauville score 1-2 and absence of ctDNA after two more R-CHOP courses
   
type of project clinical studies
status ongoing - recruiting phase
start of project 2021
end of project 2030
study design Phase II
responsible person PD Dr. med. Felicitas Hitz