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Compliance with guidelines for disease management in diabetes: results from the SwissDiab Registry

Katrin-Elisabeth Schimke, Frida Renström, Sandro Meier, Christoph Stettler, Michael Brändle & SwissDiab Study Group

abstract

Objective
Tight glycemic control and aggressive treatment of additional cardiovascular risk factors can substantially reduce risk of diabetes-related complications. In 2013, the Swiss Society of Endocrinology and Diabetology (SSED) established national criteria on good disease management in diabetes, but little is known about compliance in clinical care. Here we assessed to what extent patients from two tertiary care centers in the German-speaking part of Switzerland enrolled in the Swiss Diabetes (SwissDiab) Registry adhere to the SSED criteria.

Research design and methods
SwissDiab is a prospective observational cohort study of patients regularly treated at Swiss tertiary diabetes centers. Data were collected through standardized annual health examinations. Baseline participant descriptive statistics, stratified by diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2), were compared with SSED targets for glycemic control, blood pressure, blood lipids, weight maintenance, and ophthalmic examination.

Results
By the end of 2016, 604 participants with DM1 (40%) and DM2 (60%) had data available for analyses, 36% and 29% women, respectively. At baseline, all the SSED targets were met with two exceptions: a glycated hemoglobin A1c value <7% was measured in 32% of participants with DM1 (SSED target: ≥40%) and 47% and 56% of overweight or obese participants with DM1 and DM2, respectively, received nutritional counseling in the previous year (SSED target: ≥80%).

Conclusions
The SSED targets for good disease management in diabetes were achieved in the majority of participants at the time of enrollment, but results also highlight areas where disease management can be improved, particularly the role of nutrition counseling.
   
citation Schimke K E, Renström F, Meier S, Stettler C, Brändle M, SwissDiab Study Group . Compliance with guidelines for disease management in diabetes: results from the SwissDiab Registry. BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2018; 6:e000454.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 21-02-2018
journal title BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care (6/1)
ISSN print 2052-4897
pages e000454
PubMed 29527307
DOI 10.1136/bmjdrc-2017-000454