Kantonsspital St.Gallen

Classification of Sleep Apnea Severity by Electrocardiogram Monitoring Using a Novel Wearable Device

Florent Baty, Maximilian Bösch, Sandra Widmer, Simon Annaheim, Piero Fontana, Martin Camenzind, René M Rossi, Otto Schoch & Martin Brutsche

abstract Sleep apnea (SA) is a prevalent disorder diagnosed by polysomnography (PSG) based on the number of apnea-hypopnea events per hour of sleep (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI). PSG is expensive and technically complex; therefore, its use is rather limited to the initial diagnostic phase and simpler devices are required for long-term follow-up. The validity of single-parameter wearable devices for the assessment of sleep apnea severity is still debated. In this context, a wearable electrocardiogram (ECG) acquisition system (ECG belt) was developed and its suitability for the classification of sleep apnea severity was investigated using heart rate variability analysis with or without data pre-filtering. Several classification algorithms were compared and support vector machine was preferred due to its simplicity and overall performance. Whole-night ECG signals from 241 patients with a suspicion of sleep apnea were recorded using both the ECG belt and patched ECG during PSG recordings. 65% of patients had an obstructive sleep apnea and the median AHI was 21 [IQR: 7-40] h - 1 . The classification accuracy obtained from the ECG belt (accuracy: 72%, sensitivity: 70%, specificity: 74%) was comparable to the patched ECG (accuracy: 74%, sensitivity: 88%, specificity: 61%). The highest classification accuracy was obtained for the discrimination between individuals with no or mild SA vs. moderate to severe SA. In conclusion, the ECG belt provided signals comparable to patched ECG and could be used for the assessment of sleep apnea severity, especially during follow-up.
citation Baty F, Bösch M, Widmer S, Annaheim S, Fontana P, Camenzind M, Rossi R M, Schoch O, Brutsche M. Classification of Sleep Apnea Severity by Electrocardiogram Monitoring Using a Novel Wearable Device. Sensors (Basel) 2020; 20:.
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 04-01-2020
journal title Sensors (Basel) (20/1)
ISSN electronic 1424-8220
PubMed 31947905
DOI 10.3390/s20010286