Kantonsspital St.Gallen
login

Impact of baseline SARS-CoV-2 antibody status on syndromic surveillance and the risk of subsequent COVID-19-a prospective multicenter cohort study

Philipp Kohler, Sabine Güsewell, Marco Seneghini, Thomas Egger, Onicio Leal, Angela Brucher, Eva Lemmenmeier, J Carsten Möller, Philip Rieder, Markus Ruetti, Reto Stocker, Danielle Vuichard-Gysin, Benedikt Wiggli, Ulrike Besold, Stefan P Kuster, Allison McGeer, Lorenz Risch, Andrée Friedl, Matthias Schlegel, Pietro Vernazza & Christian R. Kahlert

abstract

BACKGROUND
In a prospective healthcare worker (HCW) cohort, we assessed the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection according to baseline serostatus.

METHODS
Baseline serologies were performed among HCW from 23 Swiss healthcare institutions between June and September 2020, before the second COVID-19 wave. Participants answered weekly electronic questionnaires covering information about nasopharyngeal swabs (PCR/rapid antigen tests) and symptoms compatible with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Screening of symptomatic staff by nasopharyngeal swabs was routinely performed in participating facilities. We compared numbers of positive nasopharyngeal tests and occurrence of COVID-19 symptoms between HCW with and without anti-nucleocapsid antibodies.

RESULTS
A total of 4812 HCW participated, wherein 144 (3%) were seropositive at baseline. We analyzed 107,807 questionnaires with a median follow-up of 7.9 months. Median number of answered questionnaires was similar (24 vs. 23 per person, P = 0.83) between those with and without positive baseline serology. Among 2712 HCW with ≥ 1 SARS-CoV-2 test during follow-up, 3/67 (4.5%) seropositive individuals reported a positive result (one of whom asymptomatic), compared to 547/2645 (20.7%) seronegative participants, 12 of whom asymptomatic (risk ratio [RR] 0.22; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.07 to 0.66). Seropositive HCWs less frequently reported impaired olfaction/taste (6/144, 4.2% vs. 588/4674, 12.6%, RR 0.33, 95% CI 0.15-0.73), chills (19/144, 13.2% vs. 1040/4674, 22.3%, RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.39-0.90), and limb/muscle pain (28/144, 19.4% vs. 1335/4674, 28.6%, RR 0.68 95% CI 0.49-0.95). Impaired olfaction/taste and limb/muscle pain also discriminated best between positive and negative SARS-CoV-2 results.

CONCLUSIONS
Having SARS-CoV-2 anti-nucleocapsid antibodies provides almost 80% protection against SARS-CoV-2 re-infection for a period of at least 8 months.
   
citation Kohler P, Güsewell S, Seneghini M, Egger T, Leal O, Brucher A, Lemmenmeier E, Möller J C, Rieder P, Ruetti M, Stocker R, Vuichard-Gysin D, Wiggli B, Besold U, Kuster S P, McGeer A, Risch L, Friedl A, Schlegel M, vernazza p, Kahlert C R. Impact of baseline SARS-CoV-2 antibody status on syndromic surveillance and the risk of subsequent COVID-19-a prospective multicenter cohort study. BMC Med 2021; 19:270.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 14-10-2021
journal title BMC Med (19/1)
ISSN electronic 1741-7015
pages 270
PubMed 34649585
DOI 10.1186/s12916-021-02144-9