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Better survival in right-sided versus left-sided stage I - III colon cancer patients

Rene Warschkow, Michael Sulz, Lukas Marti, Ignazio Tarantino, Bruno Schmied, Thomas Cerny & Ulrich Gueller

abstract

BACKGROUND
The distinction between right-sided and left-sided colon cancer has recently received considerable attention due to differences regarding underlying genetic mutations. There is an ongoing debate if right- versus left-sided tumor location itself represents an independent prognostic factor. We aimed to investigate this question by using propensity score matching.

METHODS
Patients with resected, stage I - III colon cancer were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2012). Both univariable and multivariable Cox regression as well as propensity score matching were used.

RESULTS
Overall, 91,416 patients (51,937 [56.8 %] with right-sided, 39,479 [43.2 %] with left-sided colon cancer; median follow-up 38 months) were eligible. In univariable analysis, patients with right-sided cancer had worse overall (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.32, 95 % CI:1.29-1.36, P < 0.001) and cancer-specific survival (HR = 1.26, 95 % CI:1.21-1.30, P < 0.001) compared to patients with left-sided cancer. After propensity score matching, the prognosis of right-sided carcinomas was better regarding overall (HR = 0.92, 95 % CI: 0.89 - 0.94, P < 0.001) and cancer-specific survival (HR = 0.90, 95 % CI:0.87 - 0.93, P < 0.001). In stage I and II, the prognosis of right-sided cancer was better for overall (HR = 0.89, 95 % CI:0.84-0.94 and HR = 0.85, 95 % CI:0.81-0.89) and cancer-specific survival (HR = 0.71, 95 % CI:0.64 - 0.79 and HR = 0.75, 95 % CI:0.70-0.80). Right- and left-sided colon cancer had a similar prognosis for stage III (overall: HR = 0.99, 95 % CI:0.95-1.03 and cancer-specific: HR = 1.04, 95 % CI:0.99-1.09).

CONCLUSIONS
This population-based analysis on stage I - III colon cancer provides evidence that the prognosis of localized right-sided colon cancer is better compared to left-sided colon cancer. This questions the paradigm from previous research claiming a worse survival in right-sided colon cancer patients.
   
citation Warschkow R, Sulz M, Marti L, Tarantino I, Schmied B, cerny t, Gueller U. Better survival in right-sided versus left-sided stage I - III colon cancer patients. BMC Cancer 2016; 16:554.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 28-7-2016
journal title BMC Cancer (16/1)
ISSN electronic 1471-2407
pages 554
PubMed 27464835
DOI 10.1186/s12885-016-2412-0
contact Ulrich Beutner