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Predictive Value of CEA for Survival in Stage I Rectal Cancer: a Population-Based Propensity Score-Matched Analysis

Ignazio Tarantino, Rene Warschkow, Bruno Schmied, Ulrich Gueller, Markus Mieth, Thomas Cerny, Markus W Büchler & Alexis Ulrich

abstract

BACKGROUND
The aim of the study was to assess whether preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level is an independent predictor of overall- and cancer-specific survival in stage I rectal cancer.

METHODS
Stage I rectal cancer patients were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database between 2004 and 2011. The impact of an elevated preoperative CEA level (C1-stage) compared with a normal CEA level (C0-stage) on overall and cancer-specific survival was assessed using risk-adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression models and propensity score methods.

RESULTS
Overall, 1932 stage I rectal cancer patients were included, of which 328 (17 %) patients had C1-stage. The 5-year overall and cancer-specific survival for patients with C0-stage were 85.7 % (95 % CI 83.2-88.2 %) and 94.7 % (95 % CI 93.1-96.3 %), versus 76.8 % (95 % CI 70.9-83.1 %) and 88.1 % (95 % CI 83.3-93.2 %) for patients with C1-stage (P < 0.001 and P = 0.001). The negative impact of C1-stage on overall and cancer-specific survival was confirmed by risk-adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression analysis (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.57, 95 % CI = 1.15-2.16, P = 0.007 and 2.04, 95 % CI = 1.25-3.33, P = 0.006), and after propensity score matching (overall survival [OS]: HR = 1.46, 95 % CI = 1.02-2.08, P = 0.044 and cancer-specific survival [CSS]: HR = 3.28, 95 % CI = 1.78-6.03, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION
This is the first population-based investigation of a large cohort of exclusively stage I rectal cancer patients providing compelling evidence that elevated preoperative CEA level is a strong predictor of worse overall and cancer-specific survival.
   
citation Tarantino I, Warschkow R, Schmied B, Gueller U, Mieth M, cerny t, Büchler M W, Ulrich A. Predictive Value of CEA for Survival in Stage I Rectal Cancer: a Population-Based Propensity Score-Matched Analysis. J Gastrointest Surg 2016; 20:1213-22.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 11-4-2016
journal title J Gastrointest Surg (20/6)
ISSN electronic 1873-4626
pages 1213-22
PubMed 27067235
DOI 10.1007/s11605-016-3137-8
contact Ulrich Beutner