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Hand-assisted living-donor nephrectomy: a retrospective comparison of two techniques

Jeannette D Widmer, Andrea Schlegel, Philipp Kron, Marc Schiesser, Jens G Brockmann & Markus K Muller

abstract

BACKGROUND
Living-donor nephrectomy (LDN) is challenging, as surgery is performed on healthy individuals. Minimally invasive techniques for LDN have become standard in most centers. Nevertheless, numerous techniques have been described with no consensus on which is the superior approach. Both hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic (HARS) and hand-assisted laparoscopic (HALS) LDNs are performed at Zurich University Hospital. The aim of this study was to compare these two surgical techniques in terms of donor outcome and graft function.

METHOD
Retrospective single-center analysis of 60 consecutive LDNs (HARS n = 30; HALS n = 30) from June 2010 to May 2012, including a one-year follow-up of the recipients.

RESULTS
There was no mortality in either group and little difference in the overall complication rates. Median warm ischemia time (WIT) was significantly shorter in the HARS group. The use of laxatives and the incidence of postoperative vomiting were significantly greater in the HALS group. There was no difference between right- and left-sided nephrectomies in terms of donor outcome and graft function.

CONCLUSIONS
Both techniques appear safe for both donors and donated organs. The HARS technique is associated with a shorter WIT and a reduced incidence of postoperative paralytic ileus. Therefore, we consider HARS LDN a valuable alternative to HALS LDN.
   
citation Widmer J D, Schlegel A, Kron P, Schiesser M, Brockmann J G, Muller M K. Hand-assisted living-donor nephrectomy: a retrospective comparison of two techniques. BMC Urol 2018; 18:39.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 10-05-2018
journal title BMC Urol (18/1)
ISSN electronic 1471-2490
pages 39
PubMed 29747596
DOI 10.1186/s12894-018-0355-2