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Multi-fungal sepsis and mucormycosis of the central nervous system in a patient treated with ibrutinib, a case report and review of the literature

Martin Fehr, Gieri Cathomas, Anne Graber, Eva Markert, Elisabeth Gaus & Katia Boggian

abstract We report the case of a 71 years old patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), who developed a rapidly progressing multi-fungal infection including mucormycosis of the central nervous system (CNS) during treatment with ibrutinib. On autopsy mucorales species were demonstrated intravascularly by histomorphology of several organs and lymph nodes and were characterized as by polymerase-chain reaction (PCR) - analysis. In addition, invasive pulmonary was found and also confirmed by PCR. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first confirmation of a multi-fungal sepsis and invasive CNS-infection with mucorales species under ibrutinib. Knowing the risk for invasive fungal disease in patients under ibrutinib, identifying the pathogen and early initiation of specific treatment is crucial for a good clinical outcome especially in mucormycosis.
   
citation Fehr M, Cathomas G, Graber A, Markert E, Gaus E, Boggian K. Multi-fungal sepsis and mucormycosis of the central nervous system in a patient treated with ibrutinib, a case report and review of the literature. Med Mycol Case Rep 2019; 27:14-16.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 3-12-2019
journal title Med Mycol Case Rep (27)
ISSN print 2211-7539
pages 14-16
PubMed 31890489
DOI 10.1016/j.mmcr.2019.12.005
contact Katia Boggian