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Maternal outcomes and risk factors for COVID-19 severity among pregnant women

Manon Vouga, Guillaume Favre, Oscar Martinez-Perez, Leo Pomar, Laura Forcen Acebal, Alejandra Abascal-Saiz, Maria Rosa Vila Hernandez, Najeh Hcini, Véronique Lambert, Gabriel Carles, Joanna Sichitiu, Laurent Salomon, Julien Stirnemann, Yves Ville, Begoña Martinez De Tejada, Anna Goncé, Ameth Hawkins-Villarreal, Karen Castillo, Eduard Gratacos Solsona, Lucas Trigo, Brian Cleary, Michael Geary, Helena Bartels, Feras Al-Kharouf, Fergal Malone, Mary Higgins, Niamh Keating, Susan Knowles, Christophe Poncelet, Carolina Carvalho Ribeiro-do-Valle, Fernanda Surita, Amanda Dantas-Silva, Carolina Borrelli, Adriana Gomes Luz, Javiera Fuenzalida, Jorge Carvajal, Manuel Guerra Canales, Olivia Hernandez, Olga Grechukhina, Albert I Ko, Uma Reddy, Rita Figueiredo, Marina Moucho, Pedro Viana Pinto, Carmen De Luca, Marco De Santis, Diogo Ayres De Campos, Inês Martins, Charles Garabedian, Damien Subtil, Betania Bohrer, Maria Lucia Da Rocha Oppermann, Maria Celeste Osorio Wender, Lavinia Schuler-Faccini, Maria Teresa Vieira Sanseverino, Camila Giugliani, Luciana Friedrich, Mariana Horn Scherer, Nicolas Mottet, Guillaume Ducarme, Helene Pelerin, Chloe Moreau, Bénédicte Breton, Thibaud Quibel, Patrick Rozenberg, Eric Giannoni, Cristina Granado, Cécile Monod, Doris Mueller, Irene Hoesli, Dirk Bassler, Sandra Heldstab, Nicole Ochsenbein Kölble, Loïc Sentilhes, Melissa Charvet, Jan Deprest, Jute Richter, Lennart Van Der Veeken, Béatrice Eggel-Hort, Gaetan Plantefeve, Mohamed Derouich, Albaro José Nieto Calvache, Maria Camila Lopez-Giron, Juan Manuel Burgos-Luna, Maria Fernanda Escobar-Vidarte, Kurt Hecher, Ann-Christin Tallarek, Eran Hadar, Karina Krajden Haratz, Uri Amikam, Gustavo Malinger, Ron Maymon, Yariv Yogev, Leonhard Schäffer, Arnaud Toussaint, Marie-Claude Rossier, Renato Augusto Moreira De Sa, Claudia Grawe, Karoline Aebi-Popp, Anda-Petronela Radan, Luigi Raio, Daniel Surbek, Paul Böckenhoff, Brigitte Strizek, Martin Kaufmann, Andrea Bloch, Michel Boulvain, Silke Johann, Sandra Andrea Heldstab, Monya Todesco Bernasconi, Gaston Grant, Anis Feki, Anne-Claude Muller Brochut, Marylene Giral, Lucie Sedille, Andrea Papadia, Romina Capoccia Brugger, Brigitte Weber, Tina Fischer, Christian R. Kahlert, Karin Nielsen Saines, Mary Cambou, Panagiotis Kanellos, Xiang Chen, Mingzhu Yin, Annina Haessig, Sandrine Ackermann, David Baud & Alice Panchaud

abstract Pregnant women may be at higher risk of severe complications associated with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which may lead to obstetrical complications. We performed a case control study comparing pregnant women with severe coronavirus disease 19 (cases) to pregnant women with a milder form (controls) enrolled in the COVI-Preg international registry cohort between March 24 and July 26, 2020. Risk factors for severity, obstetrical and immediate neonatal outcomes were assessed. A total of 926 pregnant women with a positive test for SARS-CoV-2 were included, among which 92 (9.9%) presented with severe COVID-19 disease. Risk factors for severe maternal outcomes were pulmonary comorbidities [aOR 4.3, 95% CI 1.9-9.5], hypertensive disorders [aOR 2.7, 95% CI 1.0-7.0] and diabetes [aOR2.2, 95% CI 1.1-4.5]. Pregnant women with severe maternal outcomes were at higher risk of caesarean section [70.7% (n = 53/75)], preterm delivery [62.7% (n = 32/51)] and newborns requiring admission to the neonatal intensive care unit [41.3% (n = 31/75)]. In this study, several risk factors for developing severe complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection among pregnant women were identified including pulmonary comorbidities, hypertensive disorders and diabetes. Obstetrical and neonatal outcomes appear to be influenced by the severity of maternal disease.
   
citation Vouga M, Favre G, Martinez-Perez O, Pomar L, Acebal L F, Abascal-Saiz A, Hernandez M R V, Hcini N, Lambert V, Carles G, Sichitiu J, Salomon L, Stirnemann J, Ville Y, de Tejada B M, Goncé A, Hawkins-Villarreal A, Castillo K, Solsona E G, Trigo L, Cleary B, Geary M, Bartels H, Al-Kharouf F, Malone F, Higgins M, Keating N, Knowles S, Poncelet C, Ribeiro-do-Valle C C, Surita F, Dantas-Silva A, Borrelli C, Luz A G, Fuenzalida J, Carvajal J, Canales M G, Hernandez O, Grechukhina O, Ko A I, Reddy U, Figueiredo R, Moucho M, Pinto P V, De Luca C, De Santis M, de Campos D A, Martins I, Garabedian C, Subtil D, Bohrer B, Da Rocha Oppermann M L, Wender M C O, Schuler-Faccini L, Sanseverino M T V, Giugliani C, Friedrich L, Scherer M H, Mottet N, Ducarme G, Pelerin H, Moreau C, Breton B, Quibel T, Rozenberg P, Giannoni E, Granado C, Monod C, Mueller D, Hoesli I, Bassler D, Heldstab S, Kölble N O, Sentilhes L, Charvet M, Deprest J, Richter J, Van der Veeken L, Eggel-Hort B, Plantefeve G, Derouich M, Calvache A J N, Lopez-Giron M C, Burgos-Luna J M, Escobar-Vidarte M F, Hecher K, Tallarek A C, Hadar E, Haratz K K, Amikam U, Malinger G, Maymon R, Yogev Y, Schäffer L, Toussaint A, Rossier M C, De Sa R A M, Grawe C, Aebi-Popp K, Radan A P, Raio L, Surbek D, Böckenhoff P, Strizek B, Kaufmann M, Bloch A, Boulvain M, Johann S, Heldstab S A, Bernasconi M T, Grant G, Feki A, Brochut A C M, Giral M, Sedille L, Papadia A, Brugger R C, Weber B, Fischer T, Kahlert C R, Saines K N, Cambou M, Kanellos P, Chen X, Yin M, Haessig A, Ackermann S, Baud D, Panchaud A. Maternal outcomes and risk factors for COVID-19 severity among pregnant women. Sci Rep 2021; 11:13898.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 06-07-2021
journal title Sci Rep (11/1)
ISSN electronic 2045-2322
pages 13898
PubMed 34230507
DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-92357-y