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Novel concept to guide systolic heart failure medication by repeated biomarker testing-results from TIME-CHF in context of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine

Nasser Davarzani, Sandra Sanders-van Wijk, Micha T. Maeder, Peter Rickenbacher, Evgueni Smirnov, Joël Karel, Thomas Suter, Rudolf A De Boer, Dirk Block, Vinzent Rolny, Christian Zaugg, Matthias E Pfisterer, Ralf Peeters, Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca & TIME-CHF Investigators

Kurzfassung

Background
It is uncertain whether repeated measurements of a multi-target biomarker panel may help to personalize medical heart failure (HF) therapy to improve outcome in chronic HF.

Methods
This analysis included 499 patients from the Trial of Intensified versus standard Medical therapy in Elderly patients with Congestive Heart Failure (TIME-CHF), aged ≥ 60 years, LVEF ≤ 45%, and NYHA ≥ II, who had repeated clinical visits within 19 months follow-up. The interaction between repeated measurements of biomarkers and treatment effects of loop diuretics, spironolactone, β-blockers, and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors on risk of HF hospitalization or death was investigated in a hypothesis-generating analysis. Generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to account for the correlation between recurrences of events in a patient.

Results
One hundred patients (20%) had just one event (HF hospitalization or death) and 87 (17.4%) had at least two events. Loop diuretic up-titration had a beneficial effect for patients with high interleukin-6 (IL6) or high high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) (interaction,  = 0.013 and  = 0.001), whereas the opposite was the case with low hsCRP (interaction,  = 0.013). Higher dosage of loop diuretics was associated with poor outcome in patients with high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or prealbumin (interaction,  = 0.006 and  = 0.001), but not in those with low levels of these biomarkers. Spironolactone up-titration was associated with lower risk of HF hospitalization or death in patients with high cystatin C (CysC) (interaction,  = 0.021). β-Blockers up-titration might have a beneficial effect in patients with low soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt) (interaction,  = 0.021). No treatment biomarker interactions were found for RAS inhibition.

Conclusion
The data of this post hoc analysis suggest that decision-making using repeated biomarker measurements may be very promising in bringing treatment of heart failure to a new level in the context of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine. Clearly, prospective testing is needed before this novel concept can be adopted.

Clinical trial registration
isrctn.org, identifier: ISRCTN43596477.
   
Zitation Davarzani N, Sanders-van Wijk S, Maeder M T, Rickenbacher P, Smirnov E, Karel J, Suter T, De Boer R A, Block D, Rolny V, Zaugg C, Pfisterer M E, Peeters R, Brunner-La Rocca H P, TIME-CHF Investigators . Novel concept to guide systolic heart failure medication by repeated biomarker testing-results from TIME-CHF in context of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine. EPMA J 2018; 9:161-173.
   
Typ Wissenschaftlicher Artikel/Review (Englisch)
Veröffentlichungsdatum 13-05-2018
Titel der Zeitschrift EPMA J (9/2)
ISSN print 1878-5077
Seiten 161-173
PubMed 29896315
DOI 10.1007/s13167-018-0137-7