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New-onset or Pre-existing Atrial Fibrillation in Acute Coronary Syndromes: Two Distinct Phenomena With a Similar Prognosis

Luigi Biasco, Dragana Radovanovic, Marco Moccetti, Hans Rickli, Marco Roffi, Franz Eberli, Raban Jeger, Tiziano Moccetti, Paul Erne & Giovanni Pedrazzini

abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
The management and risk stratification of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and acute coronary syndromes constitute a challenge. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic impact of AF whether present at admission or occurring during hospitalization for acute coronary syndromes, as well as trends in treatments and outcome.

METHODS
Data derived from 35 958 patients enrolled between 2004 and 2015 in the AMIS Plus registry were retrospectively analyzed.

RESULTS
Pre-existing AF (pre-AF) was present in 1644 (4.7%) while new-onset AF (new-AF) was evident in 309 (0.8%). Presentation with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and need for hemodynamic support was frequent in patients with AF, especially in those with new onset of the arrhythmia. A change of the medical and interventional approaches was observed with a progressive increase in oral anticoagulation prescription and referral for angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions in pre-AF patients. Despite different baseline risk profile and clinical presentations, both AF groups showed high in-hospital and 1-year mortality (in-hospital new-AF vs pre-AF [OR, 0.79; 95%CI, 0.53-1.17; P = .246]; 1-year mortality new-AF vs pre-AF [OR, 0.72; 95%CI, 0.31-1.67; P = .448]) Pre-AF but not new-AF independently predicted in-hospital mortality. While mortality declined over the study period for patients with pre-AF, it remained stable among new-AF patients.

CONCLUSIONS
While pre-AF is independently associated with in-hospital mortality, new-AF may reflect a worse hemodynamic impact of the acute coronary syndromes, with the latter ultimately driving the prognosis.
   
citation Biasco L, Radovanovic D, Moccetti M, Rickli H, Roffi M, Eberli F, Jeger R, Moccetti T, Erne P, Pedrazzini G. New-onset or Pre-existing Atrial Fibrillation in Acute Coronary Syndromes: Two Distinct Phenomena With a Similar Prognosis. Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2018;.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 10-04-2018
journal title Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed)
ISSN electronic 1885-5857
PubMed 29653777
DOI 10.1016/j.rec.2018.03.002