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Bioprosthetic or native aortic scallop intentional laceration to prevent iatrogenic coronary artery obstruction technique in transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve procedures: a single-center initial experience

Ana Paula Tagliari, Mizuki Miura, Mara Gavazzoni, Philipp K. Haager, Giulio Russo, Alberto Pozzoli, Michel Zuber, Lucas Jörg, Hans Rickli, Marco Gennari, Francesco Maisano & Maurizio Taramasso

abstract

AIM
To describe six cases using the bioprosthetic or native aortic scallop intentional laceration to prevent iatrogenic coronary artery obstruction technique to prevent coronary artery obstruction during transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve procedures.

METHODS
All patients presented degeneration of a bovine pericardium bioprosthesis [four Trifecta (19, 21, 23, and 25 mm); two Mitroflow (25 and 27 mm)] resulting in severe aortic stenosis (n = 5) or severe aortic regurgitation (n = 1). Procedures were performed under fluoroscopic and echocardiography guidance, and the transfemoral access was used to deliver a self-expanding valve. Data are expressed as frequency or median (Q1-Q3).

RESULTS
Age, EuroScore II, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons score were 81 years (75-83.2), 2.9% (2.6-10.7), and 2.7% (2.3-3.2), respectively. Median left and right coronary heights were 9.1 mm (6.2-10.3) and 12.4 mm (10-13.5), respectively, with a median virtual transcatheter heart valve-to-coronary distance of 2.9 mm on the left and 4.6 mm on the right side. Isolated left leaflet laceration was planned in four patients, and bileaflet in two. One unsuccessful right leaflet laceration was reported, corresponding to the first patient (success rate 87.5%). All other seven leaflets lacerations were successfully performed, with no intraprocedure complications. No coronary obstruction, in-hospital death, valve complication, cardiovascular event, or pacemaker implantation were reported. All patients are being followed in routine outpatient visits, and no adverse events were registered.

CONCLUSION
The high procedural success and low complication rate reported in this initial experience, demonstrates that the bioprosthetic or native aortic scallop intentional laceration to prevent iatrogenic coronary artery obstruction technique can be a viable solution to prevent coronary obstruction in selected patients undergoing valve-in-valve procedures. Operator experience, periprocedural imaging and teamwork are essential to enable an accurate and successful procedure.
   
citation Tagliari A P, Miura M, Gavazzoni M, Haager P K, Russo G, Pozzoli A, Zuber M, Jörg L, Rickli H, Gennari M, Maisano F, Taramasso M. Bioprosthetic or native aortic scallop intentional laceration to prevent iatrogenic coronary artery obstruction technique in transcatheter aortic valve-in-valve procedures: a single-center initial experience. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) 2020;.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 03-09-2020
journal title J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown)
ISSN electronic 1558-2035
PubMed 32890234
DOI 10.2459/JCM.0000000000001104