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[Chronic ankle instability in sports -- a review for sports physicians]

V Valderrabano, A Leumann, G Pagenstert, A Frigg, Lukas Ebneter & B Hintermann

abstract Chronic ankle instability represents a typical sports injury which can mostly be seen in basketball, soccer, orienteering and other high risk sports. 20 to 40 % of the acute ankle sprains develop into chronic ankle instability. From a sports orthopaedic point of view, chronic ankle instability can be subdivided into a lateral, medial or a combination of both so called rotational ankle instability. From a pathophysiological point of view, chronic ankle instability can be either mechanical with a structural ligament lesion or functional with loss of the neuromuscular control. For the sports physician, the chronic ankle instability is a difficult entity as the diagnosis is usually complex and the therapy usually surgical. This review on chronic ankle instability addresses pathomechanism, diagnostics, indications for conservative and surgical treatments, and possible long-term sequelae, as ligamentous osteoarthritis.
   
citation Valderrabano V, Leumann A, Pagenstert G, Frigg A, ebneter l, Hintermann B. [Chronic ankle instability in sports -- a review for sports physicians]. Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin 2006; 20:177-83.
   
type journal paper/review (Translation2::getLang(): unknown language "". Use Translation2::setLang() to set a default language.)
date of publishing 12-2006
journal title Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin (20/4)
ISSN print 0932-0555
pages 177-83
PubMed 17279471
DOI 10.1055/s-2006-927330