Kantonsspital St.Gallen

[Periprosthetic fractures of the knee joint.]

Johannes Erhardt & Markus Kuster

abstract The demographic developments and an increasing number of total knee replacements will lead to more periprosthetic fractures in the future. These fractures can be classified into intraoperative and postoperative. Revisions in particular are associated with a higher incidence of intra-operative fractures, specifically for the tibia and patella. Most fractures occur in the postoperative period with an average of 2-4 years after the primary procedure. Most commonly the femur is involved. The history and clinical examination as well as imaging are crucial for the treatment as loose components would significantly alter the treatment strategy. In this case a revision has to be carefully planned. In the majority of the cases the prosthesis is well fixed especially at the femur. An open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) can then be carried out. A stable situation must be achieved to provide early post-operative mobilization. Also an anatomic reduction should be achieved with correct alignment especially with respect to varus/valgus and rotation. Modern locked implants can provide this with good success also with the possibility of minimally invasive techniques and polyaxial screw positioning. Retrograde intramedullary devices can be a feasible alternative. Similar principles can be used for the tibia whereas the patella can be stabilized with tension band wiring in the case of good bone stock but still remains a problem in case of bad bone stock.
citation erhardt j, kuster m. [Periprosthetic fractures of the knee joint.]. Der Orthopäde 2010; 39:97-108.
type journal paper/review (Translation2::getLang(): unknown language "". Use Translation2::setLang() to set a default language.)
date of publishing 1-2010
journal title Der Orthopäde (39/1)
ISSN electronic 1433-0431
pages 97-108
PubMed 20033392
DOI 10.1007/s00132-009-1554-z