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Clinical outcome using a ligament referencing technique in CAS versus conventional technique

K Lehnen, Karlmeinrad Giesinger, R Warschkow, M Porter, E Koch & M S Kuster

abstract

PURPOSE
Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become increasingly common over the last decade. There are several reports including meta-analyses that show improved alignment, but the clinical results do not differ. Most of these studies have used a bone referencing technique to size and position the prosthesis. The question arises whether CAS has a more pronounced effect on strict ligamentous referencing TKAs.

METHODS
We performed a prospective cohort study comparing clinical outcome of navigated TKA (43 patients) with that of conventional TKA (122 patients). Patients were assessed preoperatively, and 2 and 12 months postoperatively by an independent study nurse using validated patient-reported outcome tools as well as clinical examination.

RESULTS
At 2 months, there was no difference between the two groups. However, after 12 months, CAS was associated with significantly less pain and stiffness, both at rest and during activities of daily living, as well as greater overall patient satisfaction.

CONCLUSION
The present study demonstrated that computer-navigated TKA significantly improves patient outcome scores such as WOMAC score (P=0.002) and Knee Society score (P=0.040) 1 year after surgery in using a ligament referencing technique. Furthermore, 91% were extremely or very satisfied in the CAS TKA group versus 70% after conventional TKA (P=0.007).
   
citation Lehnen K, Giesinger K, Warschkow R, Porter M, Koch E, Kuster M S. Clinical outcome using a ligament referencing technique in CAS versus conventional technique. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2010; 19:887-92.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 18-09-2010
journal title Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (19/6)
ISSN electronic 1433-7347
pages 887-92
PubMed 20852843
DOI 10.1007/s00167-010-1264-4