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Stitch positioning influences the suture hold in supraspinatus tendon repair

Karl Wieser, Stefan Rahm, Mazda Farshad, Eugene T Ek, Christian Gerber & Dominik C Meyer

abstract

PURPOSE
This study was designed to compare the pull-out strength of simple suture stitches in human supraspinatus tendons with respect to the position of the rotator cable.

METHODS
Fifty-four tests were performed on 6 intact, human supraspinatus tendons, to assess the cutout strength of a simple suture configuration in different positions; medial to, lateral to, or within the rotator cable. Tendon thickness was measured and correlated for each positioned suture.

RESULTS
Suture positioning lateral to or in the rotator cable showed significantly lower suture retention properties compared with positioning the suture medial to the cable (p = 0.002). In all tested specimens, the central stitch in the row medial to the rotator cable provided the optimum retention properties (mean: 191 N; SD: ± 44; p < 0.01), even after correcting for tendon thickness.

CONCLUSION
This study shows that it is desirable to identify the rotator cable and to pass sutures just medial to it, close to the middle of the tendon, which provided highest possible suture retention properties.
   
citation Wieser K, rahm s, Farshad M, Ek E T, Gerber C, Meyer D C. Stitch positioning influences the suture hold in supraspinatus tendon repair. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2012; 21:1587-92.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 17-06-2012
journal title Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc (21/7)
ISSN electronic 1433-7347
pages 1587-92
PubMed 22706969
DOI 10.1007/s00167-012-2103-6