Kantonsspital St.Gallen
login

Mid term results of distal femoral fractures treated with a polyaxial locking plate: a multi-center study

Johannes Erhardt, M Vincenti, J Pressmar, Fabrice Alexander Külling, Christian Spross, F Gebhard & G Roederer

abstract

OBJECTIVE
Locking plates have become a standard implant in the treatment of distal femoral fractures. Newer designs allow polyaxial screw placement as well as the ability to lock the lag screws.

METHODS
The consecutive multi-centre study cohort consists of all distal femoral fractures treated with the NCB® Distal Femur plate (Zimmer, Warsaw, USA) and a minimum follow-up of twelve months. Fracture classification according the AO/ OTA system and the trauma mechanism radiological evaluation and complications were documented. Clinical evaluation consisted of the Short Form SF12 questionnaire (SF12), the Hospital for Special Surgery Score (HSS) and clinical assessment of range of motion.

RESULTS
Twenty-five patients with twenty-six fractures were available for follow-up with a minimum required follow-up of twelve months. 81% of the fractures were intra-articular. 48% of the patients were multi-traumatised, 38% having open fractures. All except two went to union (92%) with the primary procedure. The HSS Score was 79 (32-99) and the SF 12 (physical and mental) 40 (19-57) and 54 (21-66) at follow-up. There were five patients requiring surgical revision (19%).

CONCLUSION
These fractures are often combined with concomitant injuries. Using modern locked implants high union rates can be achieved with a good function and patient satisfaction when respecting biologic and biomechanical principles.
   
citation erhardt j, Vincenti M, Pressmar J, Külling F A, Spross C, Gebhard F, Roederer G. Mid term results of distal femoral fractures treated with a polyaxial locking plate: a multi-center study. Open Orthop J 2014; 8:34-40.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 21-02-2014
journal title Open Orthop J (8)
ISSN electronic 1874-3250
pages 34-40
PubMed 24627731
DOI 10.2174/1874325001408010034