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Secondary latissimus dorsi transfer after failed reverse total shoulder arthroplasty

Gabor Puskas, Marco Germann, Sabrina Catanzaro & Christian Gerber

abstract

BACKGROUND
Combined single-stage reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) plus latissimus dorsi transfer (LDT) has been reported to be a reliable treatment for pseudoparalysis of elevation and external rotation caused by irreparable rotator cuff tears. Secondary LDT in patients with pseudoparalysis of external rotation after previous RTSA has not yet been studied.

METHODS
Ten patients were treated with LDT at a mean of 27 months (range, 4-134 months) after RTSA. Standard LDT was performed in 4 patients and a LDT plus teres major transfer according to L'Episcopo in 6 patients. All patients had preoperative and postoperative clinical evaluation, including the assessment of the Constant score and the subjective shoulder value.

RESULTS
RTSA increased the preoperative mean relative Constant score from 26% (range, 11%-67%) to 51% (range, 20%-100%; P = .05). At a mean of 49 months (range, 23-67 months) after additional LDT, the relative Constant score further increased to 58% (range, 34%-100%; P = .141), remaining significantly superior to the score before RTSA (P = .021). The mean subjective shoulder value was 15% (range, 0%-30%) before and 44% (range, 20%-70%) after RTSA (P = .273) and was 56% (range, 20%-90%) after LDT (P = .686), a significant overall improvement of the state of the shoulder compared with before RTSA (P = .042). Mean active flexion increased from 36° (range, 0°-130°) to 86° (range, 10°-140°) after RTSA (P = .024) and to 109° (range,70°-140°) after LDT (P = 0.017 compared with pre-LDT; P = .011 compared with pre-RTSA). Mean active external rotation decreased from 0° (range, -80° to 50)° to -18° (range, -50°to 10)° after RTSA (P = .079) and was improved to 2° (-40° to 40)° after LDT (P = .24 compared with pre-LDT; P=.865 compared with pre RTSA).

CONCLUSION
Secondary LDT significantly improves active mobility in patients with residual dysfunction after RTSA.
   
citation Puskas G, Germann M, Catanzaro S, Gerber C. Secondary latissimus dorsi transfer after failed reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2015; 24:e337-44.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 15-07-2015
journal title J Shoulder Elbow Surg (24/12)
ISSN electronic 1532-6500
pages e337-44
PubMed 26187136
DOI 10.1016/j.jse.2015.05.033