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Perioperative Ketamine for Analgesia in Spine Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Arif Pendi, Ryan Field, Saifal-Deen Farhan, Martin Eichler & Stacey Samuel Bederman

Kurzfassung

STUDY DESIGN
Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

OBJECTIVE
To evaluate the effectiveness of perioperative supplemental ketamine to reduce postoperative opioid analgesic consumption following spine surgery.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA
Although low-dose supplemental ketamine has been known to reduce pain after surgery, there is conflicting evidence regarding whether ketamine can be effective to reduce opioid consumption following spine surgery.

METHODS
Comprehensive search of PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for prospective randomized controlled trials (RCTs), Web of Science, and Scopus. Patients that received supplemental ketamine were compared to the control group in terms of postoperative morphine equivalent consumption, pain scores, and adverse events. Mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to describe continuous outcomes. Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% CIs were applied to dichotomous outcomes.

RESULTS
A total of 14 RCTs comprising 649 patients were selected for inclusion into the meta-analysis. Patients that were administered adjunctive ketamine exhibited less cumulative morphine equivalent consumption at 4, 8, 12, and 24 hours following spine surgery (all ps < 0.05). The ketamine group also reported lower postoperative pain scores at 6, 12, and 24 hours (all ps < 0.05). None of the adverse events studied attained statistical significance (all ps>0.05).

CONCLUSIONS
Supplemental perioperative ketamine reduces postoperative opioid consumption up to 24 hours following spine surgery.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
1.
   
Zitation Pendi A, Field R, Farhan S D, Eichler M, Bederman S S. Perioperative Ketamine for Analgesia in Spine Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Spine 2017;.
   
Typ Wissenschaftlicher Artikel/Review (Englisch)
Veröffentlichungsdatum 11-07-2017
Titel der Zeitschrift Spine
ISSN electronic 1528-1159
PubMed 28700455
DOI 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002318