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A new parallel closing mechanism for the laminectomy rongeur makes it significantly more precise: a biomechanical and mechanical comparison study

Fabrice Alexander Külling, Lukas Ebneter, Georg Stefan Rempfler & Vilijam Zdravkovic

abstract

PURPOSE
To prove that a modified closing mechanism of the rongeur gives better precision compared to the old Kerrison rongeur.

METHODS
Forty persons from the departments of orthopaedic surgery, urology and neurosurgery (35 orthopaedic, 2 urology and 3 neurosurgery) took part in the study. All participants were asked to punch ten times in a first step with either the old Kerrison rongeur with the scissors-like handle or the modified punch with a new parallel closing mechanism. In a second step, they punched 10 times with the other instrument. Shaft movement in three dimensions was measured with a stereoscopic, contactless, full-field digital image correlation system.

RESULTS
The new rongeur is significantly more precise with less movement in all three dimensions. The mechanical model of the new rongeur shows that the momentum needed to keep the tip at the initial position changes only minimally during the closing act on the new model.

CONCLUSION
The new rongeur is more precise compared to the old Kerrison model. It is more robust against changes in the direction of the finger forces and may reduce soreness, fatigue and CTS in spine surgeons.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
Not applicable: technical study.
   
citation Külling F A, Ebneter L, Rempfler G S, Zdravkovic V. A new parallel closing mechanism for the laminectomy rongeur makes it significantly more precise: a biomechanical and mechanical comparison study. Eur Spine J 2017;.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 24-10-2017
journal title Eur Spine J
ISSN electronic 1432-0932
PubMed 29067528
DOI 10.1007/s00586-017-5341-y