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Meniscus sizing using three-dimensional models of the ipsilateral tibia plateau based on CT scans - an experimental study of a new sizing approach

Silvan Beeler, Lazaros Vlachopoulos, Lukas Jud, Reto Sutter, Tobias Götschi, Philipp Fürnstahl & Sandro F Fucentese

abstract

PURPOSE
Selection of a meniscus allograft with a similar three-dimensional (3D) size is essential for good clinical results in meniscus allograft surgery. Direct meniscus sizing by MRI scan is not possible in total meniscectomy and indirect sizing by conventional radiography is often inaccurate. The purpose of this study was to develop a new indirect sizing method, based on the 3D shape of the ipsilateral tibia plateau, which is independent of the meniscus condition.

METHODS
MRI and CT scans of fifty healthy knee joints were used to create 3D surface models of both menisci (MRI) and tibia plateau (CT). 3D bone models of the proximal 10 mm of the entire and half tibia plateau (with / without intercondylar area) were created in a standardized fashion. For each meniscus, the best fitting "allograft" couple out of all other 49 menisci were assessed by the surface distance of the 3D meniscus (best available allograft), of the 3D tibia plateau (3D-CT) and by the radiographic method of Pollard (2D-RX).

RESULTS
3D-CT sizing was significantly better by using only the half tibia plateau without the intercondylar area (p < 0.001). But neither sizing by 3D-CT, nor by 2D-RX could select the best available allograft. Compared to 2D-RX, 3D-CT sizing was significantly better for the medial, but not for the lateral meniscus.

CONCLUSIONS
Automatized, indirect meniscus sizing using the 3D bone models of the tibia plateau is feasible and more precise than the previously described 2D-RX method.. However, further technical improvement is needed to select always the best available allograft.
   
citation Beeler S, Vlachopoulos L, Jud L, Sutter R, Götschi T, Fürnstahl P, Fucentese S F. Meniscus sizing using three-dimensional models of the ipsilateral tibia plateau based on CT scans - an experimental study of a new sizing approach. J Exp Orthop 2020; 7:36.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 27-05-2020
journal title J Exp Orthop (7/1)
ISSN print 2197-1153
pages 36
PubMed 32458090
DOI 10.1186/s40634-020-00252-8