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Consistency of 3D femoral torsion measurement from MRI compared to CT gold standard

Thomas Vincent Häller, Pascal Schenk, Lukas Jud, Armando Hoch, Tobias Götschi & Patrick Oliver Zingg

abstract

BACKGROUND
Several hip and knee pathologies are associated with aberrant femoral torsion. Diagnostic workup includes computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). For three-dimensional (3D) analysis of complex deformities it would be desirable to measure femoral torsion from MRI data to avoid ionizing radiation of CT in a young patient population. 3D measurement of femoral torsion from MRI has not yet been compared to measurements from CT images. We hypothesize that agreement will exist between MRI and CT 3D measurements of femoral torsion.

METHODS
CT and MRI data from 29 hips of 15 patients with routine diagnostic workup for suspected femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) were used to generate 3D bone models. 3D measurement of femoral torsion was performed by two independent readers using the method of Kim et al. which is validated for CT. Inter-modalitiy and inter-reader intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated.

RESULTS
Between MRI and CT 3D measurements an ICC of 0.950 (0.898; 0.976) (reader 1) respectively 0.950 (0.897; 0.976) (Reader 2) was found. The ICC (95% CI) expressing the inter-reader reliability for both modalities was 0.945 (0.886; 0.973) for MRI and 0.957 (0.910; 0.979) for CT, respectively. Mean difference between CT and MRI measurement was 0.42° (MRI - CT, SD: 2.77°, p = 0.253).

CONCLUSIONS
There was consistency between 3D measurements of femoral torsion between computer rendered MRI images compared to measurements with the "gold standard" of CT images. ICC for inter-modality and inter-reader consistency indicate excellent reliability. Accurate, reliable and reproducible 3D measurement of femoral torsion is possible from MRI images.
   
citation Häller T V, Schenk P, Jud L, Hoch A, Götschi T, Zingg P O. Consistency of 3D femoral torsion measurement from MRI compared to CT gold standard. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021; 22:739.
   
type journal paper/review (English)
date of publishing 28-08-2021
journal title BMC Musculoskelet Disord (22/1)
ISSN electronic 1471-2474
pages 739
PubMed 34454445
DOI 10.1186/s12891-021-04633-7